The Big Bang
The Big Bang is a generally accepted theory that describes an astronomical release of energy and energy’s conversion into matter beginning about 14 or 15 billion years ago- the power of God perhaps. The Big Bang describes the origin of the entire universe. It best describes known universal phenomena.
Scientifically, from an almost point source about the size of a baseball or even the size of an atom, all matter explosively originated about 14 billion years ago. Prior to that event, there was only a singularity where space and time as we know and understand it, did not exist. So all physical matter, and time, which seems so arbitrary and constant, seems to have had a beginning. Note: this is only a brief description of the Big Bang Theory and these statements actually trivialize the complexity of the initial size of the modern universe; after all, the units of time and distance, as we now understand them, were irrelevant.
Nevertheless, as per the Big Bang Theory and after an initial explosion, hydrogen, and ultimately all that physically exists began rapidly spreading out. Hydrogen and perhaps a few of the lightest elements formed rapidly due to a process not understood but called nucleosynthesis. Then, due to gravitational attraction, stars formed of hydrogen gas as the gases traveled away from the Big Bang’s epicenter.
Eventually the forming stars, each after a sudden gravitational collapse, produced their first light. A stars production of light would then be sustained by the fusion of hydrogen into helium inside each star. Other elements up to the atomic mass of iron were/are produced by fusion inside stars as well.
Much later, when their hydrogen fuel was spent, some of the first generation stars would become red giants, go supernova, and violently explode. The spreading supernova debris would include the heaviest elements and would create a new generation of stars orbited by planets, moons, meteors, and asteroids. All the while, galaxies formed around the intense gravitational attraction of super massive stars or perhaps, Black Holes, which are themselves the result of a collection of stars. All that “is” was continuously forming up. Yet, even the galaxies are traveling away from the Big Bang’s epicenter. This process continues and is very well supported by scientific measurements.
If the Big Bang, attributed to Lemaitre, a Roman Catholic priest and scientist, in 1931, had been described biblically, it might have been described as a firmament. In the absence of a word like explosion in the ancient languages, the word firmament would have been an excellent description of the entire “Big Bang” process. Everything continues to spread out and shape up in the universe. Instead, the biblical creation story is about the transformation of Earth and Earth’s life into what exists now. The Big Bang occurred some ten billion years before Earth and our Solar System first existed. The Big Bang is not part of the chronology of the biblical creation story.
There is little or no reason to disbelieve the Big Bang Theory. There is little or no credible evidence against it. Those few who do argue against the theory generally believe that the universe has always existed and will always exist. They prefer a steady state universe. They argue that assumptions based on “red shift” are in error, yet a steady state universe would collapse due to gravitational forces. Evidence is to the contrary; the universe is not collapsing but instead, is expanding.
Religions seem to be mostly at odds with the time required for the Big Bang. Religions seem to like the idea of a beginning for everything. Religions are not as offended by the scientific explanation of the creation of “dirt. “ The creation of life from “dirt” is a much touchier subject- especially human life.