Where Did Cain’s Wife Come From
Recall that Cain, the first son of Adam and Eve, murdered his brother Abel (Genesis 4:8). As per the story, Cain and Abel, Adam and Eve’s only children, were required to give a sacrifice to God. God preferred Abel’s sacrifice to Cain’s, and so Cain jealously murdered Abel. God, it would seem, prefers one to sacrifice something one cares about, otherwise it is not a sacrifice at all. As punishment for the murder of Abel, Cain was forced to leave the presence of his family and went to live in the land of Nod; Genesis 4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden. Cain found a wife in Nod; Genesis 4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare E’-noch; … (Note: this is not the same E’-noch that never died.)
Did Cain take his unnamed sister with him as his wife? Was incest okay back then? Why didn’t the Bible speak of early daughters of Adam and Eve? Would it be okay with Adam and Eve to have one of their daughters leave with their murderous son? Wouldn’t this have been a noteworthy point in the genealogy of Adam and Eve?
It is obvious in modern times why incest is a bad thing. It causes serious genetic problems. Those same problems would have occurred in Adam and Eve’s time as well. This is an inescapable reality of genetics. This is perhaps a reason incest is a sin!
The only reasonable explanation for the existence of Cain’s wife is that other humans that God had let the “earth bring forth” were in the land of Nod, and there Cain found a wife. This is biblical, and agrees perfectly with scientific findings. With Abel dead and Cain gone, Adam and Eve had no children around. Eve then had Seth. After Seth, Adam and Eve had other “sons and daughters. “ There were no daughters born to Adam and Eve before their son Seth was born. Unless one contorts the wording of the Bible, the existence of ancient humans separate from Adam and Eve is an obvious biblical reality.
Those who are anti science should consider that God creates any way he pleases. Loving and cherishing a belief is not a factor in whether or not it is of the Truth.
Many skeletal remains of humans that lived before Adam have been discovered. This is an undeniable truth. The mitochondrial DNA of one such find was inconsistent with all other people on Earth. It makes sense that some of the remains of humans that predated biblical Eve would have had different mitochondrial DNA- some but not all. There would likely have been at least three mitochondrial DNA strains from the origin of Homines sapientes (humans). Some sources suggest that even fewer than three mating pairs are essential to a viable population.
(Note that traces of the so-called mitochondrial Eve from over 140 thousand years ago may show up even in Noah’s descendants (us) since Noah and his sons probably had wives outside the Adam and Eve bloodline.)
Does the concept of humans separate from Adam and Eve somehow reduce God’s authority over creation? Biblically, God made the other beings as well and they were nearly identical to Adam and Eve genetically. God allowed the earth to bring them forth, or stated more clearly, instead of handmade, they were more a result of life’s natural processes- processes designed by God.
Biblically, we are all said to be descendants of Adam. Noah was a descendent of Adam and we are all descendants of Noah. After the biblical flood only the descendants of Noah remained and all descendants of Noah are descendants of Adam. All other bloodlines were eliminated. Except for the wife of Noah, and the wives of Noah’s sons, all other ancient humans were gone. Before Noah‘s flood, there were many non-descendants of Adam (from Gen 6:1). The flood also ended much of the diversity of the rest of animal life if only one to seven pairs of each kind of animal survived. This was the largest mammalian die off ever, but because of Noah’s ship, it was not extinction.
Beginning in Genesis 4:17, Adam and Eve’s family tree is chronicled in two separate branches; namely Cain’s branch and Seth’s branch. While Adam and Eve had other male and female children after their third child Seth, their lives were not considered notable and they are not listed.
Cain and many of Cain’s descendants made great achievements and some are listed biblically. Cain may have learned a great deal from the ancient people he was forced to dwell with. Those same achievements would later be known and understood by Seth’s bloodline as well. It is a sure bet that Cain’s descendants and Seth’s descendants all knew each other.
Cain’s family tree had two names in common with Seth’s family tree and this could be a point of confusion. The names E’-noch and La’-mech are listed in both branches. This is common even in modern times- even with what is now a much greater list of names from which to choose.